Specialty of General Practice Defined

1. The General Practice Residency (GPR) program is designed for advanced clinical and didactic training in general dentistry with intensive hospital experience at the postdoctoral level. GPR programs provide instruction and experience in the delivery of care to a wide range of ambulatory and hospitalized patients. This training and exposure prepares dentists to obtain privileges at local hospitals once in private practice. Most GPR programs are sponsored by either a hospital or a hospital affiliated institution such as a dental school.

Like the AEGD programs, the demand for GPRs has increased. GPR programs can be one or two years in length, the majority being one year. Both AEGD and GPR award a post-graduate certificate upon completion. Fellowships are sometimes available to serve as a third non-accredited year of training in a specific field of interest. GPR residents rotate through a variety of services including Family Medicine, Emergency Medicine, and Anesthesiology. Each program also includes advanced training and clinical experience in preventive dentistry, periodontics, restorative dentistry, endodontics, and oral maxillofacial surgery. Training in orthodontics and pediatric dentistry is desirable but not mandatory for GPR programs. The majority of the resident's experience is gained in the direct delivery of oral health care to ambulatory patients. The clinical experiences are supported by a structured didactic seminar designed to encourage critical thinking appropriate to specialty level education in general dentistry.

The overall curriculum is designed to prepare our graduates with the knowledge base and clinical skill level which allows successful entry into the contemporary practice setting of general dentistry.

The program has been planned in accordance with the guidelines for postdoctoral education of the American Dental Association Council on Dental Accreditation. Upon completion of the program the resident receives a certificate in general dentistry.

2. The required residency experience for initial certification in general practice.

Residency training in general practice requires experience in all of the following content areas:

Operative dentistry;
Restoration of the edentulous space;
Periodontal therapy;
Endodontic therapy;
Oral surgery;
Evaluation and treatment of dental emergencies; 
Pain and anxiety control utilizing behavioral and/or pharmacological techniques

General Practice as a field comprises, but is not limited to, the performance of operations and procedures relevant to the content areas listed above. Additional expected knowledge and experience in the above areas includes:

Technical proficiency in the performance of essential operations/procedures in the above areas, plus knowledge, familiarity and in some cases technical proficiency with more uncommon and complex operations in each of the above areas.

Knowledge of anesthesia; preoperative evaluation; assessment of the effects of behavioral and pharmacologic techniques; venipuncture technique; patient monitoring; airway management; understanding of the use of pharmacologic agents; recognition and treatment of anesthetic emergencies; and assessment of patient recovery from anesthesia.

Knowledge of obtaining and interpreting the patient’s chief complaint, medical, and social history, and review of systems; obtaining and interpreting clinical and other diagnostic data from other health care providers; using the services of clinical, medical, and pathology laboratories; and performing a history and physical evaluation and collect other data in order to establish a medical assessment.

Knowledge of management of allied dental professionals and other office personnel; quality management; principles of peer management; business management and practice development; principles of professional ethics, jurisprudence and risk management; alternative health care delivery systems; informational technology; managed care

Experience and skill in the following areas: medical emergencies; implants; oral mucosal diseases; temporomandibular disorder, and orofacial pain.